Naturalism

6 11 2013

Hey class,

Please add your summary and comments regarding naturalism.

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21 responses

6 11 2013
21

Chapter 4 of this book elaborates on the naturalism point of view, he starts by saying that “Deism is the isthmus between two great continents-theism and naturalism” which is to say that without Deism Naturalism would not have come about. But usually naturalism is a point of view of people who believe that there is no God and nothing is spiritual or supernatural which means that everything arises from natural property and causes. Which to me seems not very realistic because even scientist believes that the world came from a the bing bang, that occurred from just a simple rock that expanded until it explodes. but also there must be something that brought that small rock there in the first place, and until it has not been figured out i think we should just believe that there is a higher power that created the small rock in the first place.
This chapter goes on and explains the naturalism 8 worldview questions which are are all trying to say that there is no spiritual or supernatural power that has control over everything else.

6 11 2013
3

Deism is placed between theism and naturalism. Without deism, naturalism would not have come about so readily. During the enlightenment, many philosophers doubted the the supernatural forces and moved to natural. We could understand that Deism is the root of Naturalism or other way around Naturalism is the next step of Deism.
Basic Naturalism
Question 1: prime reality ?
Nothing comes from nothing. Cosmos created itself without God or any Creators
Question 2: external reality ?
The cosmos exists as a uniformity of cause and effect in a closed system. This proposition is very similar to proposition 2 in Deism. But the machine or clockwork has been discarded.because the cosmos is far more complex so the clockwork image can account for.
Question 3: Human beings
We are machine contained chemical and physical properties which we do not fully understand. The cosmos is made of only matter, therefore we are only matter as well. We have free will, no God or Creators can’t control our fate
Question 4: Death ?
Death is personal extinction. Nothing happens after death. Humans are made of matter, at death that matter disappears.
Question 5: Knowledge ?
We have desire to seek and know the truth so that we can know the universe
Question 6: Morality ?
Morality is constructed by human or a result of our evolutionary process. Ethics are personal and chosen.
Question 7: History
Human created history. History has no purpose, no goal
Question 8: Commitment
Naturalism itself implies no particular core commitment . It’s the choice of individuals

6 11 2013
5

author refered naturalism by saying that deism is the isthmus between theism and naturalism. naturalism wouldn’t have come about so readily without deism. in naturalism god loses his very existence. author gives examples of figures in the shift from.theism to naturalism.
worldview question 1 claims that in naturalism it is the nature of the cosmos that is primary, no god , no creator.
worldview question 2 agrees with the proposition 2 in deism that the cosmos exists as a uniformity of cause and effect in a closed system.
worldview question 3 views people ad complex machines, and mind is a function of them. we all are part of the cosmos and the substance of the cosmos is matter.
worldview question 4 says that people are made of matter and nothing else. death is extinction of personality and individuality.
worldview question 5 stands that the cosmos is understood to be in its normal state, which means all men desire to know the way reality really is.

7 11 2013
23

deism is the isthmus between two great continents -theism and naturalism. in order to get from the first to the second, deism is the natural route. on the other hand, naturalism was and is serious business. basically in theism god is the infinite personal creator and substainer of comsos. in deism god is reduced: he bigns to lose his personality, though he remains creator and substainer of the cosmos.Basic Naturalism:
worldview question 1: prime reality is matter, matter exists eternally and is all there is. god does not exist.
worldview question 2 : the cosmos exist as a uniformity of cause and affect in closed system. the writer talks about the universe is a closed system. it is open to reordering from outside either by the transcedent being.
worldview question 3 : human beings are complex ” machine”‘ personality is an interrelation of chemically and physical properties we do not yet fully understand.in this case, the point is that as human beings we are simply a part of the cosmos. in the cosmos there is on substance: matter. we are that and ony that.
worldview question 4 : death is extinction of personality and individuality.
worldview question 5: through our innate and autonomous human reason including the methods of science, we can know the universe. the cosmos, including this world, is understood to be in its normal state. basically the methods of modern science are especially helpful in leading us to more and more knowledge of our universe . what is important note here is that naturalists ground human reason in human nature itself.

7 11 2013
1

Deism is caught in the middle between the two world views – theism and naturalism. Versions of Deism today are for the most part cold and only have a very indefinite idea of what God is. Theism defines God as the Creator and the supporter of our world today, but Deism only sees God as the Creator. Naturalism disregards God’s existence completely. Sire goes on to explain the first Worldview Question of Naturalism, which is “Prime reality is matter. Matter exists eternally and is all there is. God does not exist.”. Everyone agrees that the universe is here and came from something. However, the Naturalists believe that the universe came from the matter of the cosmos itself.

7 11 2013
13

Deism is the transition between Christian theism and naturalism. In theism, God is the creator and sustainer of the universe. In deism, God remains as the creator but has no relationship with the universe. In naturalism, God simply does not exist.
Let’s look at how naturalism answers the world view questions to further understand about it.
-Question 1: What is prime reality – the really real?
To naturalism, prime reality is matter. Matter exists alone in the universe and is eternal. God does not exist.
-Questions 2: What is the nature of external reality, that is, the world around us?
The world around us is a uniform, closed system that runs based on cause and effect. There is a complex relationship between elements of reality.
-Question 3: What is human being?
We, humans, are part of the cosmos. There is only one matter in the cosmos, and we are composed of that matter. We are no distinct from other objects. However, we are complex machines that our mechanism is not fully understood.
-Question 4: What happens to a person at death?
Death is the end of a person. At death, his matter disorganizes and that person disappears. It is the extinction of personality and individuality.
-Question 5: Why is it possible to know anything at all?
It is possible through reasoning. Reasoning is innate and autonomous. When a child grows up, he or she will learn the necessary knowledge to help them deal with the world. Modern science is also helpful in leading us to understand more about the universe.

7 11 2013
8

Unlike theism and deism, naturalism directly denies the existance of God. The ideas shifted from theism to naturalism was between 1600 and 1750. People began to question the meaning of God’s existance. They found out it did not worth pratical value at all. Hence, it was not a surprise that people transferred to naturalism. Natrualists believe there is not God, the only prime reality is matter. The matter is made of chemical and physical units that stand on “laws”. To a naturalisit, the universe is a closed system but not like clockwork because of the complexity of reality. The universe is a uniformity. We, human beings, are a part of it. Human beings are complex machine that can not be fully understood. Thus, we are small machines inside a giant machine, cosmos. Some naturalists are considered to be determinists because of cause and effect. However, some argue there is still a sense of free will. Death means personal extinction to naturalists. The matter stops working and functioning when a person is dead, so it simply means the person disappears. The only immortality is to continue to exist in next generation. Naturalism seems more reasonable and logical because this belief is based on evident physical and chemical reactions.

7 11 2013
9

A summary of pages sixty eight to seventy five is that without Deism, Naturalism may not exist now. In Naturalism God does not exist, this feeling is what makes a Naturalist, a Naturalist. The feeling that since God is only the maker of the universe, and has left it here, and does not care for it he is not relevant, and in this is Naturalism. Naturalism states that “ Matter exists eternally and is all there is. ” There is nothing beyond this world because it simply is what it is. This world we live in, this universe is a closed system upon which no outside force can change what is going on, only us whom live within it. Furthermore naturalist believe that this is it, once you die you become dirt, dust, whatever is in the natural world, there is nothing more.

7 11 2013
18

In summary 66-75 talk about how in Naturalism people do not believe in God, he does not exist. Also how in this world is all that there is in life. This is it. The chemicals, the earth, the nature all around us is all that we have. The universe in Naturalist eyes is a closed system upon which was created, then left to its own devices. Unlike Deists, Naturalist do not believe that all things are determined already. They believe that no outside source can effect life here, but you are left to making your down choices, and decisions. You control your destiny. Lastly in Naturalism once you die that’s the end. There is no more, you return to the earth and become chemicals again.

7 11 2013
16

In basic naturalism, there is no god. Only matter exists and it is the prime reality. Like Carl Sagan said “The Cosmos is all that is or ever was or ever be.” Matter is used in a general way and is just all the “stuff” in the universe. The cosmos have a certain sense of consistency and is part of a closed controlled system. Humans are just bags of chemicals and there is nothing especially significant about us. Our personalities are just physical and chemical reactions that our level of science can’t comprehend. When we die, we experience personal extinction. This is the hardest concept for people to grasp in naturalism because people like to believe there’s an afterlife. Since humans are just made of matter, when we die, our matter is disorganized and put personalities and souls disappear. Because of human reason and knowledge, and the progressions of science, we are able to know the universe.

7 11 2013
7

This chapter mainly talks about naturalism. The most important point of naturalism in my mind is that naturalism is always based on deism. Perhaps without deism, naturalism would not have come about so readily. It can also divided in two points: in theism god is infinite and in naturalism god is further reduced; he loses his very existence. For the first question, it argues that if god exists. And center point is that ours is a natural cosmos. For the second one, we can consider that unverise is a closed system and it is not open to reordering from the outside which means it is natural at the very beginning. For the third one, it says that we are a part of cosmos and in the cosmos there is one substance: matter. The next question reflects that the hardest position for people is death. No one in the world is not afraid of death but in some ways, it is normal. We can not change this factor. The fifth tells us that cosmos is in its normal state. That is the main idea.

7 11 2013
2

Basic Naturalism brings us, then, to the first proposition defining naturalism. Prime reality is matter. Matter exists eternally and is all there is. God does not exist. Ours is a natural cosmos. The word matter is to be understood in a rather general way, for since the eighteenth century, science has refined its understanding. The cosmos exists as a uniformitty of cause and effect in a closed system. The universe is a closed system. It is not oopen to reordering from the outside, either by a transcendent being.Human beings are complex machines. In any case, the point is that as human beings we are simply a part of the cosmos. In the cosmos there is one substance: matter. Death is extinction of personality and inindividuality. Men and women are made of matter and nothing else. Through our innate and autonomous human reason, including the methods of science, we can know the universe.

7 11 2013
19

Naturalism is a philosophical viewpoint according to which everything arises from natural properties and causes supernatural or spiritual explanations are excluded or discounted.
Mr sire started this chapter talking about deism and how it is an isthmus between the two beliefs “naturalism and theism”
He also continues by talking about the 5 world view questions of the naturalists
1: prime reality is matter and matter exists eternally and is all there is. God doesnt exist.
2: the cosmos exists as a uniformity of cause and effect in a closed system.
3: human beings are complex machines personality is an interrelation of chemical and physical properties we do not yet fully understand.
4: death is extinction of personality and individuality.
It talks about men and women are made of matter and nothing else.
5: through our innate and autonomous human reason, including the methods of science we can know the universe. The cosmos including this world is understood to be in its normal state.
It talks about how deists and naturalists both accept the internal faculty of reason and thoughts humans come to have as givens.

7 11 2013
17

Naturalism states that God does not exist and there is no spiritual beings in the world. There were always individuals who denied the existence of God; however, the number of naturalists increased tremendously when the church lost power. Naturalists believe that basic kindness and morality matters in order for the world to operate correctly.
I am a Christian and I believe in the existence of God, but at the same time, I believe that everyone has the freedom to believe in whatever they desire. Thus, for me, naturalism is just another belief system that one can choose to believe or not.

7 11 2013
6

Naturalism was and is serious business. Naturalist removed the “God-given” from this conception and made “reason” the sole criterion for truth.
In naturalism there is WQ that says “prime reality is matter. Matter exists eternally and is all there is. God does not exist.
The cosmos exists as a uniformity of cause and effect in a closed system. Human beings are complex “machines”; personality is an interrelation of chemical and physical properties we do not yet fully understand.
Death is extinction of personality and individuality. Through our innate and autonomous human reason, including the methods science, we can know the universe. The cosmos, including this world, is understood to be in its normal state.

7 11 2013
4

Worlview question1believes in God not existing, the second worldview question deals with empathy on others beliefs,”to answer we must first look more closely at the naturalist conception of human beings”.
Worldvie Question3 believes that we all have different unique personalities hence tend not to comprehend each other’s behaviour.
Worldview question 4 deals with tge dact that after death, that self is completely lost.

7 11 2013
15

Naturalism is connected to theism with deism. It has been lasting for several centuries, because it seems to be honest and a lot of people believes in it, which made it more trustworthy.
#1
A Naturalist believes that God doesn’t exist
#2
The cosmos is in closed system, as it is in Deism
#3
Everything is just a matter. Humans are just machines with chemicals inside.
#4
Since a Naturalist believes that human is just a matter therefore He believes that after death human just perishes and nothing else happens to him.
#5
A naturalist believes that history is just what happened and it has to meaning in it. humans are the one who make that history and there is nth determined

7 11 2013
14

Naturalism is the idea belief that nothing exists beyond the natural world. In sense of naturalism holds that spirits deities and ghosts are not real and that there is no purpose in nature. In worldview they are Prime reality is matter means that matter exists eternally and is all there is God doesn’t t exists .in theism and deism God is the key factor but here shows the present of nature .the cosmos exists as a uniformity of cause and effect in closed system. Human beings are complex machines personality is an interrelation of chemical and physical properties we do not yet fully understand .death is extinction of personality and individuality. Through our innate and outonomous human reason, including the methods of science ,we can know the universe. Ethics is related only to human beings .history is linear stream of event linked by cause and effect but without an overarching purpose. Naturalism itself no particular core commitment on the part of any given naturalist

10 11 2013
20

I think Naturalism is a worldview, value system, and personal life practice. A religion to some, philosophy to others, Spiritual Naturalism sees the universe as one natural and sacred whole – as is the rationality and the science through which nature is revealed. It advocates principles and practices that have compassion as their foundation, and it finds wisdom and inspiration in innumerable rich traditions and ethical philosophies from around the world.

11 11 2013
10

1. Worldview Question 1: Prime reality is matter.Matter exists eternally and is all there is. god does not exist.Ours is a natural cosmos. 2. Worldview Question 2: the cosmos exist as a uniformity of cause and effect in a closed system. the universe is a closed system.It is not own to reordering from the outside-either by a transcendent Being. 3.Worldview Question 3: Human beings are complex”machines”, personality is an interrelation of chemical and physical properties we do bitter fully understand.Human beings we are simply a part of the cosmos. In the cosmos there is one substance: matter.
4. Worldview Question 4: Death is extinction of personality and individuality. The hardest proposition of naturalism for people to accept, yet it is absolutely demanded by the naturalists conception of the universe. Men and women are made of matter and nothing else. When the matter that’s goes to make up individual is disorganized at death. Then that person disappeared
Question5: through our innate autonomous human reason, including the methods of science, we can know the universe. The cosmos,including this world, is understood to be in its normal state.

12 11 2013
12

naturalism puts God out of the picture then puts nature pretty much infront of God. It says that the cosmos is what is there and exists. They also talk about how how everything does not come from God but from the cosmos. Naturalism doesnt also believe that theres always been a supernatural or higher power. Human Beings are complex and personality is interrelation of chemical and physical properties. Naturalism pretty much leans more on natural stuff like nature and all. They seem not to totally believe at all in God. They also believe that humans are no different from animals. That we are just one different part of all these objects. They dont believe in a God or higher power in the universe.




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